FAUNA

Mammals

  The wildlife of the National Park of Northern Pindos is also rich, both in total number of species, and the presence of rare and protected species.

{AC}  Almost all the large mammals of the mainland Greece, the rare ones, such as bear (Ursus arctos), wolf (Canis lupus), the wildcat (Felis sylvestris), the otter (Lutra lutra),

  • Bear-'Ursus arctos'
  • Wolf-'Canis lupus'

ACBR  the chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica) and deer (Capreolus capreolus), or more common, such as the wild boar (Sus scrofa), appear in notable populations in the region.

Other smaller mammals found in the National Park are: fox (Vulpes vulpes), badger (Meles meles), the hare (Lepus capenis), hedgehog (Erinaceus concolor), the squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris), marten (Martes foina), rare beech marten (Martes martes), many small mammals and several species of bats.

In total there are about 60 species of mammals within the National Park boundaries.{/AC}Birds

{AC}   Of the total 186 species of birds in the area, of great interest are birds of prey and mainly vulture (Neophron percnopterus), golden eagle (Aguila chrysaetos), the peregrine falcon (Falco pereginus), the eagle (Hieraetus pennatus), the short-toed eagle (Circaetus gallicus) and Lanner falcon (Falco biarmicus).

  Also notable is the presence of woodpeckers , including a large black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius) and the Balkan woodpecker (Dendrocopos syriaca).

ACBR   Also in National Park meet other important species such as mountain partridge (Alectoris graeca), the vounopapaditsa (Parus montanu), the wallcreeper (Tichodroma muraria), the dunlin (Cinclus cinclus), the black stork (Ciconia nigra), the horned lark (Eremophilla alpestris), the White-winged Snowfinch (Montifrigilla nivalis) etc.{/AC}{AC}Reptiles

  From the 30 species of reptiles found in the National Park there are 16 species of lizards, 10 species of snakes and four species of turtles.

  Examples include the presence of Corfiot lizard (Algyroides nigropunctatus), the leopard snake (Elaphe Quatrolineataa) and hemmer tortoise (Testudo marginata).

  • Salamandra 1-'Salamandra-salamandra'
  • Salamandra 2-'Salamandra-salamandra'

 ACBRAmphibians 

  Of the 14 species of amphibians encountered in the National Park, notable is the presence of the salamander (Salamandra salamandra), the common toad (Bufo bufo), the green toad (Bufo viridis) and the Alpine newt (Triturus alpestris).

   Especially the latter is easy to see and observe since it lives in small colonies in scattered ponds and small water concentrations in the high altitudes of the mountains of the National Park, for example in Drakolimni(Dragonlakes) of Tymfi and Smolikas and lakes Flegga.

  • Alpine-newt 1-'Triturus alpestris'

  • Apline-newt 2-'Triturus alpestris'

{/AC}Fish

{AC}   In the rivers and streams of the National Park live 17 species of fish. It is worth to mention the endemic river Aoou, the pindovino (Barbatus lapindus), the rare for Greece, chila (Pachychilon pictum), which is found in the cluster of Aoos River and its tributaries, as well as more common species such as trout (Salmo trutta), the freshwater mullet (Leuciscus cephalus), common nase (Chondrostoma nasus) and briana (Barbus peloponnesius).{/AC}
FLORA{AC}

  In the National Park of Northern Pindos found more than 1,800 species of plants.

From the most impresive sepcies of the National Park are five species of wild lily, which are: the tulip lily (Lillium candidum), the tulip Chalcedon (Lillium chalcedonicum), the tulip Cheldraich (Lillium heldraichi), tulip Albanian (Lillium albanicum) and the tulip martagon (Lillium martagon).

ACBR   Other typical plant species of the National Park that attract the visitor's attention is the narcissus poetic (Narcisus poeticus), the Australian tulip (Tulipa australis), the Spring Gentian (Gentiana verna), Immortal (Semprevivum marmoreum), the saxifragka the sprounereios (Saxifraga spruneri) and many others.

ACBR   From plants with medicinal properties very interesting are: peppermint (Mentha longifolia), sage (Salvia officinalis), the satouregia (Satureja montana), thyme (Thymus leucospermus), mountain tea (Sideritis raeseri), the cyclofyllos the hellebore (Helleborus cyclophyllus), the oleoeidis laurel (Daphne oleoides), the epilovio (Epilobium alsinifolium), hemlock (Conium maculatum), the spurge (Euphorbia myrsinites), dwarf the elder or danewort (Sambucus ebulus), white hellebore (Veratrum album) and more.{/AC}Mountain Fauna
{AC}   Of particular interest is the flora of the mountains with ophiolite geological substrate, ie Smolikas, Basilitsas, of Liggos, Flamporo etc., and it includes many plants that have adapted to living in soils with high concentrations of metals, including the chain of Smolikas (Allysum smolicanum), the round-headed leek (Allium sphaerocephalon), the Albanian viola (Viola albanica), the gallium ophiolite (Gallium ophiolithicum), the Smolikas cerastium (Cerastium smolicanum) etc.

ACBR   Peaks, slopes and depressions of the National Park are adorned by beautiful orchids in large and small populations, the most important of which are: the orchid Android (julep) Orchis mascula, Orchis pallens, Orchis ustulata, Orchis coriophora, Orchis laxiflora, Orchis provincialis, Orchis pauciflora, Orchis papilionacea, Orchis quadripunctata, Orchis morio, Orchis tridentata, Orchis purpurea, Orcis italica, Orchis simia, Orchis pyramidalis, Dactylorhiza saccifera, dactylorhiza sabucina, Dactylorhiza kalopissii, Dactylorhiza baumanniana, Leucorchis frivalti etc.{/AC}Endangered species

{AC}  Also in the National Park of Northern Pindos grow many rare, endemic and endangered species of plants, such as the following : Centaurea tymphaea, Centaurea vlachorum, Sedum tymphaeum, Centaurea pawlowskii, Bornmuellera tymphaea, Alyssum heldreichi, Silene pindicola, Onosma epirotica, Minuartia pseudosaxifraga, Valeriana crinii, Soldanella pindicola, Saxifraga biflora-epirotica, Galium sacrorum, Hieracium dasycraspedum, etc.

ACBR Other notable species with limited geographical distribution in the boundaries of the National Park are: Ramona Serbian (Ramonda sebica), Pinguiculla crystalline ssp. Hirtiflora, the German iris (Iris germanica) etc.{/AC}Mykochlorida

{AC}  Rich is also the mykochlorida National Park which includes several hundred species of mushrooms, so far at least 500 species have identified and recorded.

The most famous mushrooms in the National Park are: Agaricus campestris, Coprinus comatus, Cantharellus cibarius, Lactarius deliciosus, Amanita muscaria, Sarcosphaera coronaria, Morchella deliciosa, Geastrum triplex, Calvatia utriformis, Ramaria aurea, etc.{/AC}

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